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{ El Grabado de Flammarion }

Hasta hace unos días, desconocía el origen de la imagen que puse de cabecera en esta bitácora. Por casualidad, descubrí que se trata del Grabado de Flammarion.

A pesar del nombre, no hay pruebas concluyentes de que el grabado sea obra de Camille Flammarion (el Carl Sagan de finales del XIX y comienzos del XX) como podría suponerse. Flammarion publicó en 1888 un libro titulado L'atmosphère: météorologie populaire donde se incluye el grabado junto con la inscripción «Un misionario de la Edad Media afirma que ha encontrado el punto donde el cielo y la Tierra se tocan...». La imagen acompaña a este otro texto: «Qué es entonces esta bóveda azul, que ciertamente existe y nos impide ver las estrellas durante el día». El origen real y autoría del grabado es un tema controvertido. Según la Wikipedia:
«El grabado es descrito incorrectamente en numerosas fuentes como un trabajo medieval debido a la visión simple del mundo e incluso considerada una ilustración de la Tierra plana. Sin embargo fue producida más tarde sin duda aunque no se conoce la fecha. Flammarion era conocido también por su afición a los libros astronómicos antiguos teniendo obras de Kepler, Brahe o Isaac Newton.»

Se ha buscado la ilustración, o versiones de ella, en libros anteriores al de Flammarion, sin resultados positivos. En cambio, sí que se han encontrado algunas referencias que podrían haber servido de inspiración. El hecho es que la primera vez donde podemos ver el grabado es el L'atmosphère. De hecho, según cita la versión inglesa del artículo en la Wikipedia, Flammarion era un apasionado de los libros antiguos, y también acostumbraba a ilustrar sus publicaciones. Una hipótesis es que fue el mismo Flammarion quien lo dibujara.

La imagen me evoca muchas ideas relacionadas con la ciencia y la astronomía. Una de ellas es el Renacimiento: el hombre medieval deja paso a otro interesado por el funcionamiento del Universo (Copérnico, Kepler, Galileo, Newton). Ese funcionamiento no está determinado por la voluntad divina, sino por reglas mecánicas y comprensibles (en la esquina superior izquierda se muestran unas ruedas). Ese funcionamiento mecánico, cognoscible y predecible, se descubre mirando al cielo o inspirándose en él. Y descubrir, imaginar y reflexionar sobre el universo, y todo lo demás, es precisamente el objetivo de esta bitácora.

Etiquetas:
Categorías: Astronomía
Publicado el 2007-12-26 | 85 Comentarios | Enlace


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De: Nico Fecha: 2007-12-26 16:41

Tengo por ahí todavía un libro sobre el proyecto Apolo, lleno de fotos impresionantes, que alimentó mi afición por el espacio y la ciencia. Tiene ese grabado a doble página en el primer capítulo. Pero no tiene colores.



2
De: rvr Fecha: 2007-12-26 17:33

Nico: Es que el grabado original es en blanco y negro. En la Wikipedia tienen una versión con tintes distintos a la que tengo puesta en la cabecera.



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